Watch Glossary


Farrah Fine Jewellers in Ottawa is proud to carry the full line of Tissot Men’s and Ladies watches.

Choose from the dozens of watch models and hundreds of beautiful styles – with Swiss Movement and Sapphire Crystals.  From the classic beauty of the Luxury Automatic, with its extraordinary 80 hours power reserve, to the sporty and functional T-Race Touch – measures all your times and laps with its chronograph (add/split/lap) options, to the Equi-T – a touch of pure elegance, with its slim lines and minimalist dial.  Many of these fine time pieces feature water resistant cases, perpetual movement, and diamond and gold accents.

Visit Farrah Fine Jewellers and check out the style, the innovation and the beauty of Tissot Watches.

Tissot – A Short History

From its founding in 1853 to the present day, Tissot has continuously delighted its customers with innovative and stylish products. The pioneering spirit of the company has led it from humble beginnings in the Swiss (Jura-Mountains) town of Le Locle to a modern day presence in over 160 countries.

From its first “two time-zone” pocket watch to the revolutionary touch-screen technology of today’s T-Touch watch, Tissot has been an innovator in engineering, materials and design – even creating watches made of rock, wood and pearl.

From the outset, Tissot was dedicated to taking its innovations to destinations well beyond the Swiss borders. In 1858, the founder’s son, Charles-Emile Tissot, left Le Locle for Russia and sold Tissot picket watches all across the huge Russian Empire.

Expansion continued through the decades and today Tissot is the leading producer of the traditional Swiss watch industry in number of units. Tissot is sold by 16,000 points of sale across five continents.

Over the years many key figures owned Tissot watches, including actress Sarah Bernhardt, singer Carmen Miranda, Elvis Presley, Grace Kelly and Nelson Mandela. Some of today’s proud Tissot ambassadors are race car driver Danica Patrick, Grand Prix racer, Nicky Hayden, and hockey player, Steve Stamkos.

Tissot has been a member of The Swatch Group Ltd., the largest watch producer and distributor in the world, since 1983.Tissot is an official timekeeper for the world championships in cycling, motorcycling, fencing and hockey.

T-Touch Watches have been recently featured on the wrist of Angelina Jolie in the movies Lara Croft Tomb Raider, The Cradle of Life and Mr. and Mrs. Smith.

Tissot is considered one of the few Swiss brands that provide watches with the highest quality materials, like the sapphire crystal, touch screens, perpetual movements, all at very affordable prices.


Farrah Fine Jewellers in Ottawa is proud to carry the full line of Movado Men’s and Ladies watches.

Visit Farrah Fine Jewellers and browse the extensive collection of beautiful and stylish Movado watches.  Choose from the dozens of models and hundreds of beautiful styles – from the Amorosa, sleek, chic, and sizeable – fashioned of solid, two-tone or gold plated stainless steel, to the Museum – the legendary watch dial – defined by a single dot at 12 o’clock, symbolizing the sun at high-noon, to the Movado Bold Collection – Time with a new modern attitude, featuring watches with dials detailed by bold new textured dots, metallic sheens and bright color accents.  New titanium, sleek, TR90 composite/stainless steel or matte aluminum cases, polymer or titanium deployment bracelets, straps in coated leather or silicone – Swiss quartz movement.

Come see us at Farrah and check out the style, the bold design and the beauty of Movado Watches.

Movado – A Short History

In 1881, Achilles Ditesheim, a 19-year old entrepreneur, hires six watchmakers and opens a small workshop in the village of La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland.

In 1905 Ditesheim changes the name of his company to Movado – a word meaning “always in motion” in the artificial, international language of Esperanto.

In 1912 Movado introduces the Polyplan, its revolutionary and patented movement – constructed on three planes to fit a case curved to follow the natural contours of the wrist.

In 1930 a decade of brilliant creativity ensues, during which the early Movado Digital Watch, with an innovative display of both hours and minutes, is introduced.

In 1946 Movado introduces the wrist calendar watch with the advanced self-winding Calendomatic, featuring month and day apertures and central date indicator.

In 1947 the single dot watch dial that will earn world renown as the Movado Museum Watch is created by Nathan George Horwitt, the first artist to explore the concept of time as design.

In 1956 the acclaimed Kingmatic series of rotor-driven timepieces is introduced, marking a technological advancement in automatic wrist watches.

In the 1960’s Elizabeth Taylor wears the 18K Gold Movado coiled cuff watch, with pear-shaped dial and alpha hands.

In the 1970’s the Datron chronograph sets the standard for time-pieces, featuring the classic tonneau-shaped case and self-winding movement.

In 1981, uniting the dot motif from the celebrated Museum dial with the sportive spirit of stainless steel, Movado launches Imperiale, the highly popular bracelet watch later renamed Sports Edition.

In 1983, Gedalio Grinberg, founder of the North American Watch Corporation, acquires the Movado brand – and with it, one of the most iconic watch dials of all time.

In 1996 Movado introduces Vizio, a post-modern watch design of architectural inspiration that expresses Movado’s unwavering commitment to design innovation.

The 2000’s sees the continuation of Movado’s rich history of innovation and style – from the curved case of the Elliptica in 2001, to the debut of the Museum automatic in 2003, to the patented Museum Setting (diamond bezel beneath the sapphire crystal) of the Strato in 2005, to the M125 collection introduced in 2006 to commemorate 125 years of design innovation, to the launch of Movado Bold in 2010 – watches and chronographs featuring high-tech materials, bold signature dots and bright accents in high-intensity hues.

Some Movado watch models have Esperanto names such as Bela (beautiful), Belamodo (beautiful fashion), Fiero (pride), Brila (brilliant), and Linio (line).

Analog: A watch that shows the time using hour and minute hands.

Antimagnetic: Said of a watch if the normally magnetic parts of that mechanism are unaffected by a magnetic field. This is achieved by the use of non-magnetic metal alloys such as palladium alloys.

Antireflection, Antireflective: A treatment on watch crystal to eliminate light reflection and improve legibility of the watch dial.

Automatic: A watch whose mechanical movement is wound automatically, typically by the movement of the wearer. Also, known as a “self-winding” watch. In most automatics, a rotating weight, set into motion by moving the wrist, winds the spring barrel via the gear train of the watch movement.

Beat: The multiple sound of the escapement action heard as the “tick.”

Bezel: The top portion of a case, sometimes holding the crystal.

Case: Container housing and protecting the watch movement, typically made up of three parts: bezel, middle, and case back.

Chronograph: A watch that shows not only the time of day but includes a timer that can be started and stopped at will to time an event.

Chronometer: A high precision watch that has passed a series of tests and obtained a running bulleting (e.g., one with a deviation of no more than five seconds a day for mechanical movements) and a certificate by an independent Swiss control official, such as the C.O.S.C.

Complication: Additional function other than basic timekeeping of the hours, minutes, and seconds. Although taken for granted, certain features such as automatic winding or date are considered complications. The main complications are power reserve, moon-phase, GMT, and full calendars. Great complications are split second chronographs, perpetual calendars, tourbillons, and minute repeaters.  The term is normally restricted to mechanical watches. Quartz watches with additional features are usually described as ‘multi-functional’.

C.O.S.C.: Acronym for “Controle Officiel Suisse de Chronometres,” the most important Swiss testing office responsible for the functioning and precision tests of movements. Tests are conducted on each individual movement at different temperatures and in different positions for which a maximum gap of -4/+4 seconds per day is tolerated. Those that pass the specifications for being a chronometer are awarded a certificate.

Crown: The part of the watch linked to the movement through the winding stem passing through a hole in the case that allows a wearer to wind and handset the watch. Motion transmitted from the user’s fingers to the crown is forwarded to the movement through the winding stem, from this to the barrel through a series of gears and finally to the mainspring. For water proofing purposes, simple gaskets can be used in the crown and some crowns can be screwed into the case.

Crystal: The transparent cover on a watch face made of glass crystal, synthetic sapphire or plastic. Better watches often have a sapphire crystal which is highly resistant to scratching or shattering.

Dial: The face of a watch showing the time and other functions that may be displayed by hands, markers, discs, or through windows. Typically, the dial is made of brass, sometimes silver or gold. A skeleton dial has metal cut away from the dial exposing the movement underneath.

Digital Watch: A watch that shows the time through digits rather than through a dial and hands (analog) display.

Frequency: The number cycles per unit of time, generally expressed in vibrations per hour (vph). In horology, it is the number of oscillations of a balance every two seconds or its vibrations per second.

Grand Sonnerie: A watch which strikes both the hours and quarters at each quarter.

Hand: Analog indicator for the hours, minutes, and seconds as well as other functions.

Jewel: Bearings in a watch movement made of ruby, sapphire, crystal, or synthetic ruby. Generally, the steel pivots of wheels turn inside jewels (mostly synthetic rubies) lubricated with a very thin layer of special oil. The jewel’s hardness reduces wear to a minimum even over long periods of time (50 to 100 years). Most refined jewels have rounded holes and walls to greatly reduce the contact between pivot and stone. The quality of a watch is determined more on the shape and finishing of jewels rather than their number.

Lap Timer: A chronograph function that lets the wearer time segments of a race. At the end of a lap, he stops the timer, which then returns to zero to begin timing the next lap.

Liquid-Crystal Display (LCD): A digital watch display that shows the time electronically by means of a liquid held in a thin layer between two transparent plates. All LCD watches have quartz movements.

Lubrication: To reduce friction caused by the running of wheels and other parts, special low-density oils are used in the pivots turning inside jewels, the sliding areas between levers, and the spring inside the barrel, as well as numerous other parts of a movement.

Luminescent: Materials applied on markers (such as hour and minute hands) emitting luminous energy previously absorbed as electromagnetic light rays.

Mainspring: The spring, which stores and transmits the driving force of a movement.

Manual: A mechanical movement in which winding is performed by hand.

Manufacture: Said of a watch company that employs a movement in at least one of its models that it has manufactured itself on its own premises.

Module: A self-contained mechanism, independent of the basic caliber, added to the watch movement to make an additional function available, such as chronograph, power reserve, GMT, perpetual or full calendar.

Movement: The main assembly of a watch comprising the power, transmission, escapement, regulating, winding, and hand-setting mechanisms. In short, the “works” without the case, hands, or dial. Movements are divided into two great families: quartz and mechanical.

Perpetual Calendar: A calendar watch, which takes into account not only the short months, but also leap years, all without manual adjustment.

PVD – Physical Vapour Deposition: A coating of titanium nitrate applied in a vacuum and then covered by a coating of 22k gold to obtain a gold coloured finish.

Power Reserve: Time remaining (in hours) of a movement after it has reached the winding peak. The time remaining is typically displayed by an indicator on the dial.

Tourbillon: Abraham Breguet’s device (patented in 1801) for neutralizing the positional (vertical) errors in a watch due to gravity and positioning of the watch to improve the watch’s rate. In a tourbillon (from the French word for “whirlwind”), the entire escapement (balance, balance spring, escapement mechanism) is mounted in a revolving carriage or cage and rotated completely on its axis over regular periods of time, usually once a minute. Although this device is not absolutely necessary for accuracy purposes today, it is still appreciated as a complication of high quality watches.

Sapphire Crystal: A crystal made of synthetic sapphire, a transparent, shatter-resistant, scratch-resistant substance.

Screw-Lock Crown: A crown that can be screwed into the case to make the watch watertight.

Shock Resistance: As defined by U.S. government regulation, a watch’s ability to withstand an impact equal to that of being dropped onto a wood floor from a height of 3 feet.

Solar Powered: A watch that uses solar energy (from any light source) to power the quartz movement. Some have up to a 180 day power reserve, so they are able to run continuously.

Stopwatch: A watch with a seconds hand that measures intervals of time. When a stopwatch is incorporated into a standard watch, both the stopwatch function and the timepiece are referred to as a chronograph.

Swiss Made: As a part of a move towards greater consumer protection and in order to combat fakes in the Far East that claim to be swiss made, the Swiss federal council in 1993 laid down the rule that a watch has to satisfy before it could be described as swiss made. The movement must be of Swiss origin, and must contain at least 50% swiss parts. The watch must be cased in Switzerland and pass its final inspection in that country.

Vibration Frequency (vph): In a watch, the balance wheel swings to and fro on its own axis and acts as the ruling organ of the movement’s escapement. The amplitude (usually about 300 degrees) is restricted by the balance spring, which also provides the reversing of the direction of rotation. The frequency of the alternating vibration is measured either in vibrations per hour (vph) or Hertz (Hz). Until the 1950s, wristwatches worked mostly at a frequency of 18,000 vph (2.5 Hz); later, higher frequencies were adopted to produce a lower percentage of irregularities to the rate. Today’s watches usually have a frequency of 28,800 vph (4 Hz), which assures a good precision standard and less lubrication problems than extremely high frequencies, such as 36,000 vph (5 Hz).

Water Resistance: The ability to withstand splashes of water. Terms such as “water resistant to 50 meters” or “water resistant to 200 meters” indicate that the watch can be worn underwater to various depths.